The Builders of the Mounds
The Fort Ancient Culture
Click here to watch a video about a little blue amulet found beneath
Spanish Hill that I think is relative to this culture.
Fort Ancient is a name for a native American culture that
flourished from 1000-1600 among a people who predominantly inhabited
land in the region of Ohio and Kentucky. The Fort Ancient culture was
once thought to be an expansion of the Hopewell and or Mississippian
cultures, but it is now accepted as an independently developed culture
of its own.
"The name of the culture originates from
Fort Ancient, Ohio site. Fort Ancient itself is now thought to have
been built by the Hopewell, then later occupied by the Fort Ancient
culture. The fort is located on a hill above the
Little Miami River, close to Lebanon, Ohio. Fort Ancient has earthen
walls that are over 3 miles (5 km) long and up to 23 feet (7.5 m) high.
The hilltop enclosure surrounds a plot of 100 acres (0.4 km?). Despite
its name, most archaeologists do not believe that Fort Ancient was used
primarily as a fortress by either the Hopewell or the Fort Ancient --
rather, it was a ceremonial location....
The Fort Ancient people are noted for
their earthen structures, forts, triangular arrow points and pentagonal
flint knives. The Fort Ancient people may have built the largest effigy
mound in the
Serpent Mound. The Fort Ancient are also thought to be responsible
for hundreds of burial mounds in the shape of birds and other animals
Fort Ancient also created small burial mounds for the dead, but
eventually this practice faded and only the effigy mounds continued to
Some of the effigy mounds that I have
Water Panther (Spirit) effigy Mound
Thunderbird Effigy Mound
Linear and Bear Effigy Mound,
Man-Mound Effigy Mound
Bird Man Mound
The Alligator Mound,Ohio
Serpent Mound, Ohio (many clips)
The Fort Ancient were primarily a farming
and hunting people. Their diet was composed mainly of the
three sisters --
supplemented with hunting and fishing in nearby forests and rivers."
(this info is from wikepedia.com)
The Fort Ancient Culture is now known to be responsible for the Serpent
Mound in Ohio. This "effigy mound" again was used for ceremonial purposes and has
many alignments with the stars at certain important times of the year
such as the solstices.
This mound is 1/4 of a mile long and there are so many interesting
things about it that I will be making a whole page dedicated to
There a Relationship With the Fort Ancient People and those that Built
the Embankments on Spanish Hill?
~ Let me use up some more of my vacation
time and get back to you! ~
(this is my nephew Luke and I at the Serpent
Mound last May)
This is Luke on the platform above the
mound. Look Closely and you can see the winding horned serpent
embankment in the grass below:
While I have much more research to do, I believe that Spanish Hill has
most in common with this type of earthwork in structure, location, and
alignments. Also - many of our artifacts in this region resemble the
descriptions of the artifacts of the fort Ancient Culture.
They are also the only culture that I know of that have some pottery
with faces etched on their collars...
How Pottery Styles Evolved: Pottery was definitely traded between
tribes and cultures, and can explain the different styles of pottery
found in many sites. It is also understoof that as women were married
into or taken to other tribes, they brought their pottery "styles" with
them. I find this of interest and a possible link to Fort Ancient people
who would have been around in the times of the Carantouans. More
research will definitely need to be done to be able to say this is any
more than a theory I have come up with.
Maps of Spanish Hill.
Below you will find some maps and drawing of the hill that I think show
some of those commonalities with Fort Ancient, Ohio. Stay tuned for more
information about this as I get it compiled.
1.) image (blueprint) of Spanish Hill dated
from the 1930's.
Note the same general
General John S. Clark's map of the hill
This section is under construction - stay
To learn more use the following links:
Please use the following links to learn more about what we know about the hill today:
Spanish Hill is currently private property - no trespassing is advised.