The village of Carantouan was
placed in our history books by Samuel Champlain. Champlain wrote about all of his travels
in the New Word in a 6 volume collection called "Voyages."
In this text, Champlain refers to the nation of Carantounnais in the year 1615, which he
subsequently sent his young interpreter Etienne Brule to secure 500 warriors for a
battle. Many local historians believe Spanish Hill to be the location where Brule
met the Carantouans.
to put this in perspective for you - - the Pilgrims will not have landed on Plymouth
Rock(1620) for another 5 years at the time Brule made this trip.... - And that is why this
is so important for our history. Spanish Hill very well was the first place the
white man visited in Pennsylvania.
1878 General John S. Clark -
a noted historian and surveyor - was in search if this place called Carantouannais, and in
the end claimed that Spanish Hill was without a doubt the location of Carantouan.
over the years following Clark's claim, there were others who questioned his findings and
overturned them in some historians minds. Since then, the location of Carantouan has been
questioned to this day.
Spanish Hill's history is vastly rich with or without this connection to Brule, the
discrepancies concerning it as the location of Carantouan is still a heated debate. With
strong feelings both for and against the location of Carantouan being located at Spanish
truthfully have not found anything that convinces me that Spanish Hill was not a site
within the nation of Carantouannais that was described by Champlain... In fact, as
learn more and more, it only makes me more convinced that it is.
am trying to place all of the information here on this website however for you to be able
to read and judge this for yourself. Trust me when I say that this will be more fun
than any of your history classes though...There are many "twists and turns"
ahead, and many "characters" to meet along the way!
the Bradford County Historical Society and 4-500 other locals gathered atop Spanish Hill
to mark the 300th anniversary of Brule's visit to Carantouan.
Heverly, the Librarian of the Society, had charge of the ceremony of unveiling the marker
and made brief but fitting remarks. A Civil War veteran of Pennsylvania was
stationed at the south side of the marker and a veteran from the state of New York was
stationed at the north of the marker. Each of these veterans at the signal, grasped
the flag on staff, which covered the marker and raised them aloft, thus crossing flags as
the marker uncovered."
"Abner C. Wright, acting President of the Chemung County
Historical Society, points out to Clark Wilkes, acting secretary of the society (on Mr.
Wrights left) and to Ezra Lain, trustee, the marker on the site of the of the Indian
Town Carantouan...the marker was erected on (Spanish Hill) in 1915 by the Bradford County
Historical Society. ...evidences of the fortifications still remain..."
provided by the Chemung County Historical Society.
This information about the location of Carantouan is just
part of the whole story for Spanish Hill, but it does lend credence to the Andaste
(Susquehannocks) being here - and thereby also gives more credit to the stories of the
Giant Skeletons being found here.
As General John S. Clark so wisely stated that where the
historical documentation and archeological results can "sing in harmony" - is
where you will be able to find the truth. Hopefully - if you read the following
areas of this site, Giant Skeletons , Carantouan (this page), and the Susquehannocks, you will begin to hear the
opening notes of our distant past being played out.
"The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth
should be its basis, presented without fear or favor, conscientiously and in good
faith," and again: "If I succeed in exciting a more earnest determination to
investigate the rich historical mines that reexamine almost unknown and untouched in our
libraries, and awaken the wise men of the day to realize the importance of securing while
it is yet possible the vast stores of antiquarian wealth in fields yet untrodden, then
I will feel that I am more amply repaid for my labors." - from the
Selected Manuscripts of General John S. Clark, Relating to the Aboriginal History of the
"After very careful study of all accessible facts, I
unhesitatingly commit myself to the conclusion that Spanish Hill is nothing more or less
than this ancient fortified town, the stronghold of the Carantouans" ~ General
John S. Clark